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Risk And Protective Factors For PTSD And Social-Occupational Impairment Among Special Operations Forces (SOF) Personnel

Principal Investigator(s):

James Stephenson, PsyD, Maxwell Air Force Base
Chad E. Morrow, PsyD, Maxwell Air Force Base
Craig J. Bryan, PsyD, ABPP, National Center for Veterans Studies


Funding Agency:

Department of the Air Force


Collaborating Institutions:

Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama






In this longitudinal study, we are seeking to identify risk factors that contribute to emotional distress and problems in daily living among U.S. Air Force pararescue jumpers (PJs), as well as protective factors that contribute to their health, well-being, and resilience. Results to date suggest that rates of mental health problems among PJs are comparable to rates among other military samples, exposure to medical-related traumas are more strongly associated with posttraumatic stress than traditional combat, and a stronger sense of accomplishment is related to better physical health.



Last Updated: 3/11/18